In the heart of the country lies Chhattisgarh among the newly carved states of the nation, still charting its destiny and with each passing year throwing up many surprises that would leave a visitor enthralled. It is a land where mysteries unfold at every step, where history awaits to be discovered at every turn and where nature pours forth its bounty as the journey progresses.
The remoteness made Chhattisgarh one of the least known parts of the India that, incidentally, still remains relatively unexplored. In this land you can do countless things and we have chosen the best to be explored. The best five things you can do in Chhattisgarh are:
The state prides itself on a tribal culture that dates back several millennia and the music, culture and craft of the tribal communities that can still be experienced across the state. There are as many as 42 tribes in Chhattisgarh and make up as much as 31.8 %. The highest tribal concentration is in the districts of Bastar, Dantewada and Jashpur. The main tribal community if Chhattisgarh are Gonds, Maria, Muria, Bhatra, Baiga, Halba etc.
Despite the push towards mordernity in the 21th Century, the tribal communities of Chhattisgarh have managed to retain their unique identity and continue with their age old practices. The forests have always been their friend and they have lived off and given back to the forest.
No visit to tribal area is complete without a visit to one of the local haats. The haat or the weekly market is the lifeline of the rural economy of Bastar where locals find items for daily needs. It is also sort of an outing for tribal communities and a chance for them to bring their produce to the open market. The haats are also a place to sample the local brew – mahua and sulfi and maybe even witness a fight cock. The tribal haats offer a unique opportunity and experience to the tourists to meet the locals and get a taste of traditional culture.
With phenomenal 44% forest cover (12% share of India’ forest) including three national park and eleven sanctuaries, Chhattisgarh can undoubtedly be branded as the ‘green state’. Comprising mainly tropical moist and dry deciduous forests and significantly rich in endemic species as well as medicinal plants (more than 500 species have been identified so far). The wildlife and nature tourism, still at its nascent stage, keeps the tourist number low and promise a true wildlife experience.
Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary: Covering an area of 245 sq km, a sense of peace prevails here. Close to state capital Raipur at 100 km, the sanctuary is rich in wildlife with high concentration of Gaur or Indian Bison Bos gaurus and leopard.
Achanakmar Tiger Reserve: Covering an area of 557 sq km is comprised of hilly terrain Sal forest. The reserve is connected to Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh and home to variety of wildlife including tiger, sloth bear, leopard and wild dogs.
Kanger Valley National Park: Located in the Bastar region, it is one of the most beautiful and densest reserve of Chhattisgarh. Lying in transition zone that connects moist peninsular sal forests and the South Indian tropical moist deciduous forests, Kanger acts as a corridor for birds where numerous bird species can be found which do not occur elsewhere in Central India. Other attractions inside the park include subterranean limestone caves.
History lies waiting to be discovered at every step in Chhattisgarh, a treasure trove of archaeological finds. Endowed with forest, rich mineral deposits and precious stones, this land held an irresistible allure to a succession of rulers.
Sirpur: It can be best described as a museum under the open sky and a town of temples. Located on the banks of the Mahanadi, Sirpur is an important historical site that date back to 7th century AD. It has the archaeological remains associated with Buddhist, Shaiva, Vaishnava and Jain faiths. Excavations have yielded extensive ruins of ancient structures scattered over a vast area. Among the numerous temples and Buddhist monasteries (vihars), the most notable are the Laxman temple, Gandeshwara temple, Anandaprabhu Kutir Vihar and Swastika Vihar.
Bhoramdeo: Built in 1089 AD by Laxman Dev Rai, the Bhoramdeo temple has similar erotic carving to those at world famous Khajuraho temple. This exquisite temple has some beautiful examples of Vaishnava, Shaiva and Jain sculptures.
Festivals of Chhattisgarh tells the multi-hued tale of cultural ecstasy of the state. The ancient times of Chhattisgarh have scripted the history of many tribal and non-tribal festivals. From Dussera and Madhai in Bastar to Rajim Kumbh, the state is brimming with a pulsating palate of festivals.
Bastar Dussera: It is the region's most important festival, and all the tribes participate in the 10-day event. Here, the tribals celebrate Dussehra as a congregation of Devi Maoli (Bastar's native deity), and all her sisters. Bastar Dussehra involves the participation of diverse tribes and castes. Hundreds of priests bring flower-bedecked local deities to the Danteshwari temple in Jagdalpur, arriving with all pomp and show. The important event during dussera is the rath yatra (Chariot procession). The massive chariot is hewn afresh each year, and the sight of 400 maria tribe pulling it leaves a potent impression of tribal faith.
Bastar Madhai: This tribal festival is celebrated by the tribes of Kanker and Bastar regions, to worship the local God(dess). It travels through the year from one place of the state to another from December to March. It is held in a big ground, so that thousands of people can attend the ceremony, which starts with a procession of the local God(dess), followed by worship of the same. The event is celebrated with tribal dances, folk songs, and tribal theatre held in the open grounds to praise the Goddess. The Madai festival is a grand collective festival that connects all the various tribes of Chattisgarh by a common thread.
Rajim Kumbh: Rajim Kumbh is a Hindu pilgrimage held every year in Rajim of Chattisgarh. Located on the holy confluence of the Mahanadi, Pairi and Sondur rivers, Rajim observes thousands of Sadhu and Saints, who come each year to attend the festival. Rajim Kumbh starts from Magh Purnima (Feb-Mar) and continues for 15 days. People start coming to Rajim one day ahead of time, and take part in the special puja.
Gracing homes across the world these artifacts of metal and wood are proof of a fertile imagination and the fine hand of the craftsmen of the state. Using available resources, tribals have evolved a rich craft traditions and continue to create works of art in iron, bell metal and terracotta.
Bell metal: Metal casting is the most distinguished craft of Chhattisgarh. It is practiced in many parts of the state with Bastar being the hub. Made of 60 percent copper and 40 percent zinc, bell metal is cast using cire perdue or the lost wax process, which interestingly continues to be carried out in the same way as it was when first used.
Iron work: Recycled scrap iron forms the main raw material for this craft. It is used to create not just decorative artifacts but also household objects and farm equipment. The production method used for this craft is simple and indigenous as iron is beaten when hot. At Komdagaon nearly entire village is engaged in iron craft.